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The Domain Name System (DNS) protocol translates domain names into TCP/IP addresses. It’s like the internet’s own language translator, helping online computers and devices across the web identify websites.
The Registries create and maintain domain names for their specific TLD (Top Level Domain), which can be country codes (ccTLD) or generics (gTLD). So, when you register a domain, the Registrar will submit all the domain’s Registrant info to the Registry.
The Registry then uploads that data into a centralized database and publishes the Internet Zone files, meaning that the domain’s information can be viewed on the Whois platform. It’s like the global address book for the internet!