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A Domain Registry is an organization that manages the registration of domain names within a specific top-level domain (TLD). It is responsible for maintaining the authoritative database of registered domain names under that TLD and ensuring the proper functioning of the domain namespace.
The Registries create and maintain domain names for their specific TLD (Top Level Domain), which can be country codes (ccTLD) or generics (gTLD). When a domain is registered, the Registrar will submit all the domain’s Registrant info to the Registry.
The Domain Name System (DNS) protocol translates domain names into TCP/IP addresses which is the numeric equivalent that online computers and devices use to identify websites with.
The Registry then uploads that data into a centralized database and publishes the Internet Zone files. The domain’s registered information can then be viewed on the Whois domain lookup platform.
Here are some of the key characteristics of a domain Registry (for more in-depth information on a Domain Name Registry.
Top-Level Domain (TLD) Management:
Each TLD, such as .com, .net, .org, or country-code TLDs like .us or .uk, is overseen by a designated Domain Registry.
Domain Registry Accreditation:
Domain Registries are only accredited by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
Registries manage the registration process for domain names within their TLDs.
Database Management (WHOIS):
The domain Registry maintains the central database containing information about registered domain names, including details about the domain owners, contact information, and domain registration dates.
The Registry establishes and enforces ICANN policies related to domain registrations within its TLD. These policies may include eligibility criteria, registration requirements, and rules for resolving disputes.
Registries are responsible for the technical infrastructure that supports the functioning of their TLDs, including management of domain name servers (DNS), that translate domain names into IP addresses.
Coordination with Registrars:
In many cases, domain Registries work with accredited domain Registrars to facilitate the registration process. Registrars act as intermediaries between the domain Registrants and the Registry, handling customer interactions, registration, and management of domain names.
Registries often engage in policy development processes to address evolving issues in the domain industry. This can involve discussions with stakeholders, including Registrars, domain owners, and the internet community.
Refer to our blog: How to choose the best domain for your small business.